Although notable strides have been made in the field of gender equality in South Africa, girls remain at a disadvantage when it comes to taking up studies and professions in science, technology, mathematics and engineering. Through a combination of opportunity and legacy, too few girls are engaged in these sectors. To address this deficit, UNICEF, in partnership with the national Department of Education, established the TechnoGirl mentorship programme in 2005. This initiative identifies high school girls between the ages of 15 and 18 who are from disadvantaged communities (rural and urban), and who are doing well academically.